Spotted Dog follows the Early Years Foundation Stage commonly referred to as the EYFS. This is a document that gives Early Years Providers requirements and guidance to follow, to help us support your child’s learning and development from birth to five years old. All Early Years Providers must follow the EYFS, there is a new updated version set to start in April 2017 

EYFS Learning and Development

There are seven areas of learning and development that must be part of Educational Programmes in the Early Years. These are divided into three Prime Areas and four Specific Areas. All these areas of learning and development are important for children and are interconnected however three areas are particularly crucial for sparking children’s imagination curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, we aim to build on a child’s capacity to learn form relationships and thrive as unique individuals. These Prime areas are:

Personal Development

This are involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form a respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and have confidence in their own abilities

Communication and Language

Development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment: to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations

Physical Development

This area involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their coordination , control and movement. children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food

The Specific Areas

These are four other specific areas of learning that we plan for, for your child from birth. As the children progress through their development we will begin to build on these skills but will also start the journey to developing the skills needed to read and write, develop number skills and explore the world around them. These specific areas are:


Involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters as well as to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, etc..) to ignite their interest.


Involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.

Understanding the World

Involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

Expressive Arts & Design

Involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.

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